Schizophrenia is a psychosis, a type of mental illness characterized by distortions in thinking, perception, emotions, language, sense of self and behaviour. Common experiences include hallucination: hearing, seeing or feeling things that are not there; delusion: fixed false beliefs or suspicions not shared by others in the person’s culture and that are firmly held even when there is evidence to the contrary; abnormal behaviour: disorganised behaviour such as wandering aimlessly, mumbling or laughing to self, strange appearance, self-neglect or appearing unkempt; disorganised speech: incoherent or irrelevant CDs speech; and/or disturbances of emotions: marked apathy or disconnect between reported emotion and what is observed such as a facial expression or body language. Causes of schizophrenia: Research has not identified one single factor. It is thought that the interaction between genes and a range of environmental factors may cause schizophrenia.
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